Gutman Assif Architects

Shuk HaAliya TLV

1.00
004_1.jpg
016.jpg
street view.jpg
00.jpg
02_1.jpg
005_1.jpg
010.jpg
00.jpg
02_1.jpg
005_1.jpg
12_1.jpg
20.jpg
street view2.jpg

Shuk HaAliya TLV

1.00

Tel Aviv, Jaffa

Client: Tel Aviv Municipality (competition) 
Location: Tel Aviv, Jaffa
Area: 5.000 Sq.m.
Year: 2013

 

Location

The project is located on Chelnov Street in the East, Haaliyah in the West and Wolfson in the South. Haaliya Street is the border of Florentine neighborhood from the West and Neve Shaanan on the East. The move between the neighborhoods symbolizes the difference in urban character.
While Florentine is composed of small blocks enjoying slow development while keeping its original characteristics, small businesses, markets and apartments for youth, Neve Shaanan is characterized by long closed urban blocks, which are part of what prevents this part of the neighborhood from developing. The market, in the years of its activity, immortalized the urban rigidity when it was a closed block, but now with the building of the apartment's project, the community center and the open public spaces, it can be imagined how this new block becomes a sort of pivot between neighborhoods, or a shortcut between them. The destruction of the wholesale market building leaves the structure of the retail market in the enclosure and thus requires re-thinking.
Because of the new urban situation, the additional building and the connection enabled through the new public spaces, we offer to turn the structure orientation towards the east.

 

Values

First value keeping the new structure public values and keeping the publicity and urban connections in the ground floor. The ground floor must be as open as possible.
The structure will have at least one opening, in each direction. As a routine, the openings will serve as emergency exits and/ or one direction exits, but in some events they can be opened along the entire structure.
Second value wide use of natural light along the entire structure. The original structure longitudinal section was based on a scheme of introducing indirect natural light from east and west. We suggest to strengthen this scheme and increase the amount of light entering the existing building and the new one. The new created floors are also the building programmatic engine. But this scheme should be augmented and adapted to the new program, which is used to be outside and not under a roof.
Third value the conservation tactic we suggest is referring to the structure, its age and the changes along the years as a continuous situation, integrating the new wing as well.
This can be demonstrated on the southern facade over Wolfson Street, which was the most accessible and therefore underwent most changes. In the original building this facade was regular and repetitive, but the market lives and function required changes and for transportation and traffic it had an outside facing gate and windows for loading and out loading. Then the neglect of the place was immortalized in murals, some real works of art. Instead of bringing them to a museum, we would like to keep some of them on the building. To these layers we will add a new one, in the same material and the same form of the new wing.

 

The ground floor

The swimming pools are located in the ground floor. In the north-east, the children pool and in the north-west the multipurpose pool. In the south the swimming pool and to the east in the new wing, the lockers rooms additional rooms, manager, lifeguard, registration and entrance. To the west, in the reconstructed part towards Haaliya Street, the cafeteria and the shop. The floor has several entrances and exits, from each side, which enables opening
the structure to the public on special events. The main entrance is from the public garden and except for security check, is open to all coming, whom can stay in the lobby up to the elevators area. The only checking point is at the entrance to the pool and the changing rooms, which are for members only. From the swimming pool and the changing rooms, it is possible to reach the roof of the building, the spa above the commerce floor, the shop and the cafeteria, which can be entered also from the street. The inner space will be conserved as to existing materials as possible, even if there would be need of reconstruction and updating in order to meet the suitable standards to the new programmatic use.
The existing white walls can be used and exposed, so the ceilings and exposed concrete floors. As a rule, large surfaces (various concrete castings) are conserved better in time than paving and are easier to maintain. The pools will also be made of continuous materials. New materials like railings will be made of wood – contrast to the existing.

 

Conservation

For the past thirty years or so, Tel-Aviv had developed one of the most interesting and elaborate mechanism for conserving modern architecture and international style. The city planners coped with almost any conservation situation possible strengthening building and additional building on top, destroying parts of building and their renovation, putting entire structures on scaffolds and underground additions, connecting existing structures to new ones, merging conservation buildings with skyscrapers etc. The structure of the market in Haaliya Street is the remains of the wholesale and retail market, which was planned in 1938 by the technical department of Tel Aviv, headed by the architect Jacob Ben Sira (Shipman). From the start, the building was considered to be state-of-the-art, a modern market with an open, lit space, accessible and modular. But since the closing of part of the wholesale market, the retail market could not meet the consumption needs and the evacuated building remained empty, waiting re-use. With the years, as part of neglect and degeneration, many parts had deteriorated. The paint, glass and metal were replaced by new layers of graffiti, testifying what went over the structure from its closing until today.
The new program for the Haaliya market is totally different from the original one, and at first glance is not suitable at all. It is easy to ask why at all is it worthwhile to make the effort, to conserve and not to demolish? In order to contain in the new structure a community sports center, integrated with other programs, for the citizen of southern Tel Aviv? The market structure will have to undergo changes including strengthening of existing building, enlarging the constructive opening, digging basements, adding floors, inserting massive air-conditioning and fire protection as well as a complex program that includes wise integration of the various uses and keeping of urban and public values.
Designing such a project is complex and includes patching activity, where there is no artificial separation of old and new but a symbiosis between the existing parts and the new additions per the following values:
Recycling and design continuity conserving the current state of the external envelope and integrating, in the same material and shape, the new one. Increased use of natural light, augmentation and duplication of the light slits in the existing structure by adding a pool on the roof, multipurpose public space and roof lights, in order to achieve the required natural light. Maximizing the control of natural light in the new floors by the vertical expression of the lateral light slits in the existing building.
As part of the conserving conception, we are interested in recycling and Program.
The new structure will be populated by several programs with a different character with different users, young and old, at different times of the day.
The programmatic challenge is to integrate and separate the programs out of understanding the different users' needs, in different ages and different hours under one roof.
The primary programmatic division was conducted per layers from bottom up and was performed by the measure of publicity, when the intentional programs ( parts of the community center) integrated between the public ones (pool and open spaces). In the ground floor there are the pools, commerce, administration and registration with the highest public accessibility to the higher number of people. Above it the quiet public floors, among which is the multipurpose roof level, the 'professional' pool, the gym and the spa. Then come the intentioned floors and the community center and an additional public roof level.

 

Circulation

The circulation in the building will enable flow of visitors between the various programs and various hours, with minimum control points. The entrance to the building will be from the east, through the open public space that will be established between the country club and the new apartment buildings. Through the main entrance the visitors could reach all functions, by stairs or elevator. The coffee shop and the store will have an additional entrance and direct independent access from Haaliya street. Inside the building there will be only one additional control point, at the entrance to the pools space. In addition to the main entrance there will be several entrances and exits, which in regular times will be used
elements that are no longer relevant to the new functions in the building, instead of replacing them with something similar to the original.
Thus, for example, the turning windows in the southern facade will no longer serve the new structure, since their opening and closing is not needed anymore. It will not be possible as emergency exits, but in special events could be opened towards Haaliya Street, through the original entrance, towards Wolfson Street, through the loading and unloading ramp of the original market and the back yard on the northern side. Above the entrance floor will be the open roof level and roof level. To them it will be possible to reach from the building and the main entrance, from the pool. On special occasions directly from under the building without entering it. The roof level is also the quiet public area and is used as an active connection between the 'professional' pool, the multipurpose floor, the spa and the gym.
Following are the assigned floors, reached by elevators and stairs, where it will be possible to easily move from one floor to the next. Inside the floors the traffic will be circumferential, per the programmatic flexibility and the visitors in these floors will be able to enjoy the view from the building facades over the various parts of the city and the beach on the west.

 

Natural light

Beyond the characteristics identifying the market as a typical Bauhaus with vertical shading and rounded corner, the repetitive vertical openings to the south and the proportions of the turning windows, no doubt that the outstanding element is the roof. As part of the traditional industrial buildings of the late 19th century and beginning of the 20th, with no air conditioning and complicated lighting technology, introducing natural light into the building was an integral part of the design scheme. Only when one enters the building, one can discover the exposed construction system and the narrow light slits, inserting indirect light to the building and forming dramatic shades on the dense colonnades during day time. The magnificent view might mislead. Closing the existing openings by glass, transferring the various systems length and width of the building and the almost inevitable need to lower the ceilings, will significantly damage, if not annihilate the entire natural light effect, which is limited and will not be sufficient to light the new program, requiring many light fixtures and wasting a lot of energy. The need for natural light is very significant in the new program, situated in external spaces and requiring natural light in large quantities.
Per our concept, the natural light theme was forgotten in current architecture. We suggest to try and return to natural light to order, with it friendly building, open and spacious.
As the first act in design we duplicate and turn the scheme of natural light in the existing building also to the new wing.
The combination of moving the windows and facade construction enable introducing indirect natural light into the open floors all through the day. The glass will be added texture that will filter the amount of light, per the program or functional apartment.
This texture will be almost transparent to users from the inside but will create a magnificent look of the building from the outside. Therefore we suggest to augment the original idea of inserting natural light from the roof. In the western module we have replaced the concrete ceiling with a glass one, and the middle module was replaced by a pool with transparent walls. The roof of the first floor in the new building was lowered by three meters, so that indirect light will enter the entire eastern part. We have also kept some of the original narrow slits.

Add To Cart

Tel Aviv, Jaffa

Client: Tel Aviv Municipality (competition) 
Location: Tel Aviv, Jaffa
Area: 5.000 Sq.m.
Year: 2013

 

Location

The project is located on Chelnov Street in the East, Haaliyah in the West and Wolfson in the South. Haaliya Street is the border of Florentine neighborhood from the West and Neve Shaanan on the East. The move between the neighborhoods symbolizes the difference in urban character.
While Florentine is composed of small blocks enjoying slow development while keeping its original characteristics, small businesses, markets and apartments for youth, Neve Shaanan is characterized by long closed urban blocks, which are part of what prevents this part of the neighborhood from developing. The market, in the years of its activity, immortalized the urban rigidity when it was a closed block, but now with the building of the apartment's project, the community center and the open public spaces, it can be imagined how this new block becomes a sort of pivot between neighborhoods, or a shortcut between them. The destruction of the wholesale market building leaves the structure of the retail market in the enclosure and thus requires re-thinking.
Because of the new urban situation, the additional building and the connection enabled through the new public spaces, we offer to turn the structure orientation towards the east.

 

Values

First value keeping the new structure public values and keeping the publicity and urban connections in the ground floor. The ground floor must be as open as possible.
The structure will have at least one opening, in each direction. As a routine, the openings will serve as emergency exits and/ or one direction exits, but in some events they can be opened along the entire structure.
Second value wide use of natural light along the entire structure. The original structure longitudinal section was based on a scheme of introducing indirect natural light from east and west. We suggest to strengthen this scheme and increase the amount of light entering the existing building and the new one. The new created floors are also the building programmatic engine. But this scheme should be augmented and adapted to the new program, which is used to be outside and not under a roof.
Third value the conservation tactic we suggest is referring to the structure, its age and the changes along the years as a continuous situation, integrating the new wing as well.
This can be demonstrated on the southern facade over Wolfson Street, which was the most accessible and therefore underwent most changes. In the original building this facade was regular and repetitive, but the market lives and function required changes and for transportation and traffic it had an outside facing gate and windows for loading and out loading. Then the neglect of the place was immortalized in murals, some real works of art. Instead of bringing them to a museum, we would like to keep some of them on the building. To these layers we will add a new one, in the same material and the same form of the new wing.

 

The ground floor

The swimming pools are located in the ground floor. In the north-east, the children pool and in the north-west the multipurpose pool. In the south the swimming pool and to the east in the new wing, the lockers rooms additional rooms, manager, lifeguard, registration and entrance. To the west, in the reconstructed part towards Haaliya Street, the cafeteria and the shop. The floor has several entrances and exits, from each side, which enables opening
the structure to the public on special events. The main entrance is from the public garden and except for security check, is open to all coming, whom can stay in the lobby up to the elevators area. The only checking point is at the entrance to the pool and the changing rooms, which are for members only. From the swimming pool and the changing rooms, it is possible to reach the roof of the building, the spa above the commerce floor, the shop and the cafeteria, which can be entered also from the street. The inner space will be conserved as to existing materials as possible, even if there would be need of reconstruction and updating in order to meet the suitable standards to the new programmatic use.
The existing white walls can be used and exposed, so the ceilings and exposed concrete floors. As a rule, large surfaces (various concrete castings) are conserved better in time than paving and are easier to maintain. The pools will also be made of continuous materials. New materials like railings will be made of wood – contrast to the existing.

 

Conservation

For the past thirty years or so, Tel-Aviv had developed one of the most interesting and elaborate mechanism for conserving modern architecture and international style. The city planners coped with almost any conservation situation possible strengthening building and additional building on top, destroying parts of building and their renovation, putting entire structures on scaffolds and underground additions, connecting existing structures to new ones, merging conservation buildings with skyscrapers etc. The structure of the market in Haaliya Street is the remains of the wholesale and retail market, which was planned in 1938 by the technical department of Tel Aviv, headed by the architect Jacob Ben Sira (Shipman). From the start, the building was considered to be state-of-the-art, a modern market with an open, lit space, accessible and modular. But since the closing of part of the wholesale market, the retail market could not meet the consumption needs and the evacuated building remained empty, waiting re-use. With the years, as part of neglect and degeneration, many parts had deteriorated. The paint, glass and metal were replaced by new layers of graffiti, testifying what went over the structure from its closing until today.
The new program for the Haaliya market is totally different from the original one, and at first glance is not suitable at all. It is easy to ask why at all is it worthwhile to make the effort, to conserve and not to demolish? In order to contain in the new structure a community sports center, integrated with other programs, for the citizen of southern Tel Aviv? The market structure will have to undergo changes including strengthening of existing building, enlarging the constructive opening, digging basements, adding floors, inserting massive air-conditioning and fire protection as well as a complex program that includes wise integration of the various uses and keeping of urban and public values.
Designing such a project is complex and includes patching activity, where there is no artificial separation of old and new but a symbiosis between the existing parts and the new additions per the following values:
Recycling and design continuity conserving the current state of the external envelope and integrating, in the same material and shape, the new one. Increased use of natural light, augmentation and duplication of the light slits in the existing structure by adding a pool on the roof, multipurpose public space and roof lights, in order to achieve the required natural light. Maximizing the control of natural light in the new floors by the vertical expression of the lateral light slits in the existing building.
As part of the conserving conception, we are interested in recycling and Program.
The new structure will be populated by several programs with a different character with different users, young and old, at different times of the day.
The programmatic challenge is to integrate and separate the programs out of understanding the different users' needs, in different ages and different hours under one roof.
The primary programmatic division was conducted per layers from bottom up and was performed by the measure of publicity, when the intentional programs ( parts of the community center) integrated between the public ones (pool and open spaces). In the ground floor there are the pools, commerce, administration and registration with the highest public accessibility to the higher number of people. Above it the quiet public floors, among which is the multipurpose roof level, the 'professional' pool, the gym and the spa. Then come the intentioned floors and the community center and an additional public roof level.

 

Circulation

The circulation in the building will enable flow of visitors between the various programs and various hours, with minimum control points. The entrance to the building will be from the east, through the open public space that will be established between the country club and the new apartment buildings. Through the main entrance the visitors could reach all functions, by stairs or elevator. The coffee shop and the store will have an additional entrance and direct independent access from Haaliya street. Inside the building there will be only one additional control point, at the entrance to the pools space. In addition to the main entrance there will be several entrances and exits, which in regular times will be used
elements that are no longer relevant to the new functions in the building, instead of replacing them with something similar to the original.
Thus, for example, the turning windows in the southern facade will no longer serve the new structure, since their opening and closing is not needed anymore. It will not be possible as emergency exits, but in special events could be opened towards Haaliya Street, through the original entrance, towards Wolfson Street, through the loading and unloading ramp of the original market and the back yard on the northern side. Above the entrance floor will be the open roof level and roof level. To them it will be possible to reach from the building and the main entrance, from the pool. On special occasions directly from under the building without entering it. The roof level is also the quiet public area and is used as an active connection between the 'professional' pool, the multipurpose floor, the spa and the gym.
Following are the assigned floors, reached by elevators and stairs, where it will be possible to easily move from one floor to the next. Inside the floors the traffic will be circumferential, per the programmatic flexibility and the visitors in these floors will be able to enjoy the view from the building facades over the various parts of the city and the beach on the west.

 

Natural light

Beyond the characteristics identifying the market as a typical Bauhaus with vertical shading and rounded corner, the repetitive vertical openings to the south and the proportions of the turning windows, no doubt that the outstanding element is the roof. As part of the traditional industrial buildings of the late 19th century and beginning of the 20th, with no air conditioning and complicated lighting technology, introducing natural light into the building was an integral part of the design scheme. Only when one enters the building, one can discover the exposed construction system and the narrow light slits, inserting indirect light to the building and forming dramatic shades on the dense colonnades during day time. The magnificent view might mislead. Closing the existing openings by glass, transferring the various systems length and width of the building and the almost inevitable need to lower the ceilings, will significantly damage, if not annihilate the entire natural light effect, which is limited and will not be sufficient to light the new program, requiring many light fixtures and wasting a lot of energy. The need for natural light is very significant in the new program, situated in external spaces and requiring natural light in large quantities.
Per our concept, the natural light theme was forgotten in current architecture. We suggest to try and return to natural light to order, with it friendly building, open and spacious.
As the first act in design we duplicate and turn the scheme of natural light in the existing building also to the new wing.
The combination of moving the windows and facade construction enable introducing indirect natural light into the open floors all through the day. The glass will be added texture that will filter the amount of light, per the program or functional apartment.
This texture will be almost transparent to users from the inside but will create a magnificent look of the building from the outside. Therefore we suggest to augment the original idea of inserting natural light from the roof. In the western module we have replaced the concrete ceiling with a glass one, and the middle module was replaced by a pool with transparent walls. The roof of the first floor in the new building was lowered by three meters, so that indirect light will enter the entire eastern part. We have also kept some of the original narrow slits.